The Phase Out of Halon: An Update. The much publicized phaseout of Halon production has arrived. In accordance with the amended Montreal Protocol and U.S. regulations, the manufacturing of new Halon has ceased as of January 1, k Followers, Following, 97 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from Selahattin Paşalı (@selahattinpasali).
However, limited supplies, recycling and storage costs will affect banked Halon pricing. Halon should remain available for many years. The first generation of Halon replacement agents are now commercially available. None of these agents is a direct replacement, meaning they cannot be substituted for Halon in current systems without modifications. Changes needed may include additional storage cylinders, piping or nozzle changes or seals and gasket replacements.
Most of these agents will be utilized in new systems. Some of these agents will be used to replace Halon in a specific market segment and do not have a universal application, while others will be more broadly used.
Market forces could cause some agents to drop from production. All are considered clean agents, i. Some are considered halocarbon agents. These contain as primary components one or more organic compounds containing one or more of the elements fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine.
The other extinquishants are considered inert gas agents. These contain as primary components one or more of the gases helium, neon, argon, nitrogen, or carbon dioxide. Tests have shown that all the agents are effective in extinguishing fires within the occupancies or hazards they were designed to protect when the agent delivered is at the density prescribed by the manufacturer.
These systems are designed and installed with equipment similar to those used with Halon or carbon dioxide systems. A second generation of agents is already being tested.
National testing laboratories, such as Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. Systems using clean agents should meet the standards set forth in NFPA The system, components and agent should be listed by a recognized testing agency. There are also other methods of protecting hazards or special occupancies in lieu of Halon.
Some methods are emerging technologies, while others are very traditional approaches. Carbon dioxide, foam, sprinkler, deluge and fire detection systems all can provide acceptable levels of protection when properly matched to the hazard.
New technologies include water mist systems, air sampling detection systems, and particulate aerosol systems. Water mist is showing much promise. Water at high pressure is discharged through special nozzles that create water droplets of extremely small size.
The mist suppresses fire by a combination of heat extraction, oxygen displacement and blocked radiant heat. Very little water is needed; in some applications less than 2 liters is used. Commercialization in the U. Now commercially available, air sampling systems are computer-assisted, highly sensitive smoke detection systems that can determine trouble well before an open flame occurs.
This allows for correction of the problem before the fire can cause damage. Particulate aerosol systems flood the hazard space with extremely fine chemicals not to be confused with the much larger powders of dry chemical extinguishing systems used in fire extinguishers and cooking hood systems which provides fire extinguishment. The technologies were developed in Russia. The investigation into these systems by the United States fire protection community is just beginning. In addition to controlling fire through suppression, inroads also are being made with other active and passive measures to reduce the fire hazards and fire potential.
Fuel reduction, fire retardants, construction, compartmentation, emergency response, etc. Having so many choices to use in place of Halon has made reaching conclusions difficult. This document should be available in Obviously if there is a change in protection methods, i. If protection is reduced, the risk becomes greater.
Loss control engineers must keep underwriters informed as to the protection level so that they may properly adjust the insurance contract. The Automotive Repair Shop, Inc. The Company was founded in by John Doe. The Automotive Repair Shop will be engaged in the business of providing automobile repair and other automotive services to the general public.
The Company has the ability to service almost any domestic or foreign automobile. The Company will generate revenues from both the sale of mechanic labor and from after-market replacement automobile parts. Doe brings the business to profitability, he intends to further expand the after-market auto parts revenue center and increase the sports tuning services, which command higher premiums that standard automotive repair.
The third section of the business plan will further describe the services offered by the Automotive Repair Shop. The interest rate and loan agreement are to be further discussed during negotiation. The Company was founded by John Doe. Doe has more than 10 years of experience in the automotive repair industry. Through his expertise, he will be able to bring the operations of the business to profitability within its first year of operations.
Doe expects a strong rate of growth at the start of operations. Below are the expected financials over the next three years. As time progresses, Management will continually increase the scope of the business by developing additional services that will increase the profitability of the business.
This includes greater development of after-market tuning and performance enhancing services which generate a larger margin that standard automotive repair. Doe will also increase the marketing and advertising budget of the business to increase the general repair revenues of the business.
Automotive Repair Shop, Inc. The Company is registered as a corporation in the State of New York. Below is a breakdown of how these funds will be used: Doe is not seeking an investment from a third party at this time. If the business is very successful, Mr. Doe may seek to sell the business to a third party for a significant earnings multiple.
Most likely, the Company will hire a qualified business broker to sell the business on behalf of the Automotive Repair Shop. Based on historical numbers, the business could fetch a sales premium of up to 4 times earnings. Below is a description of the automotive services offered by the Automotive Repair Shop. The primary service offered by the Company is the general repair of automobiles for the general public.
The Company will have the ability to service most domestic and foreign automobiles. Doe will maintain an extensive shop which can fix any automotive issue. This section of the analysis will detail the economic climate, the automotive repair industry, the customer profile, and the competition that the business will face as it progresses through its business operations. Currently, the economic market condition in the United States is in recession. This slowdown in the economy has also greatly impacted real estate sales, which has halted to historical lows.
Many economists expect that this recession will continue until mid, at which point the economy will begin a prolonged recovery period. However, automotive repair shops operate with great economic stability as vehicles are necessity and very few people have the ability to fix their own vehicles beyond very minor repairs. As such, the Automotive Repair Shop will be able to maintain profitability despite the current economic climate.
Some car repair work is also provided by 45, gas stations; 24, new car dealerships; and branches of chain stores, like Sears and Kmart. The industry is highly fragmented: Demand depends on the number of cars, how much they're driven, and how complicated they are to fix.
None of these agents is a direct replacement, meaning they cannot be substituted for Halon in current systems without modifications.
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